How can multi-level policy coordination support NDC implementation in the Philippines?

 Conclusions of V-LED Events in the Philippines

06.04.2016 | A little more than three months since adopting the new, global climate change agreement in Paris, countries are making plans to implement the comprehensive agreement. In the Philippines, representatives from local and national governments gathered on the 16th and 18th of March 2016 to learn about city level mitigation practices and discuss which actions are needed to reach the Philippine Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which sets emission reduction targets of 70 per cent by 2030. 

In a V-LED good practice exchange workshop, organised in Santa Rosa on the 16th of March, representatives from Local Government Units (LGUs) were briefed about their role in contributing to national emission reductions as outlined in the NDC. The city of Santa Rosa further presented its low emission development strategy and shared insights on the process of developing GHG inventories and sectoral management plans. In addition, participants created a photo gallery to present their mitigation projects in the solid waste sector and to discuss ways national governments can better support LGUs in improving local climate planning and action.

After the good practice exchange workshop, V-LED connected the dots through a dialogue event, on the 18th of March in Manila, linking local mitigation practices with national programmes and policies. The dialogue event featured speakers from national and local governments. Mr Albert A. Magalang, Chief of the Climate Change Division of DENR-EMB provided an overview of national climate policies and commitments for low emission development and sustainable solid waste management. Further, City of Santa Rosa’s Environment and National Resources Officer, Ms Erlinda Creencia, showcased successful low emission development practices at the city level and explained the processes and results of conducting GHG inventories.

In a round table discussion participants then examined how to strengthen coordination between the national and local level for NDC implementation and how to align climate actions.

Scaling up climate action in the Philippines will take increased know-how on conducting greenhouse gas inventories at the local level, including making it a mandatory requirement for local government units (LGUs) to have a focal point on GHG emissions within the LGU’s environmental office.

Participants highlighted that only 40 LGUs have completed trainings on GHG inventories out of 1.400 nationwide (as part of an USAID capacity building project). LGU representatives highlighted the difficulties of gathering data for GHG inventories, particularly from industry and the private sector. They requested support from the national government to give greater authority to LGUs to request data from industry or to make it a requirement of businesses to submit, disclose and report their GHG emissions. The need for increased consultations by the national agencies at the local level was raised, as well as for increased capacity building and knowledge management activities.

The event concluded with a brainstorming session on salient themes that future V-LED dialogue events can pick up to stregthen coordination between national and loal governments.

Both events were organised by UN-HABITAT in cooperation with adelphi, and co-hosted by the city of Santa Rosa and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources Environmental Management Bureau (DENR-EMB) respectively. The events were supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).

For more information: